William Carruthers, MM



Mar 28, 1876

Born at Carlisle England 

The Attestation Papers show his birth year as 1871, but that is in error.


Nov 6, 1914

Attested into the 21st Battalion at Kingston Ontario 

Ø      Number 60108 (temporary number 713)

o       Promoted to rank of Sgt on enlistment

Ø      Next of kin given as Mrs Wm (Francis) Carruthers (wife) of Hunt St Bowmanville Ontario

Ø      Previous occupation given as Laborer

o       Later noted as being employed by the Goodyear Tire Company, Bowmanville Ontario

Ø      Previous military experience given as 12 years with the RGA (Royal Garrison Artillery)

Ø      Religion given as Church of England

Ø      Assigned to “G” Company

o       This was later re-organized into “D” Company

William's brother Thomas Carruthers attested into the battalion the same day 

Jan 14, 1915

Reported to be AWL (Absent Without Leave) 

Reduced in rank to Pte 

His AWL status was later changed to read “Deserter”


Feb 15, 1915

Discharged as a Deserter


Feb 27, 1915



Mar 2, 1915



May 6, 1915

The 21st Battalion sailed for England without Pte Carruthers


Jun 5, 1915           The Assistant Provost Marshal’s War Diary at Folkestone



Jun 14, 1915

Arrested and placed in confinement pending DCM (District Court Martial) 

TOS (Taken On Strength) 21st Battalion


Jun 30, 1915

Found guilty of Desertion by DCM and sentenced to 156 days detention and ordered to pay £6-5-8 ($20.45) for kit deficiency in that he is missing his Great Coat and uniform


Aug 28, 1915         From the 21st Battalion Part II Orders



Sep 3, 1915

Released from detention and joined the Battalion. 

Assigned to No 13 Platoon, “D” Company


Sep 14, 1915

Embarked the St Seiriol at Folkestone



Sep 15, 1915

Disembarked at Boulogne France and proceeded to St Omer


Oct 11, 1915

Involved in a motor car accident and received slight injuries to head and hand.  Admitted to Divisional Rest Station at Locre Belgium (current name Loker)


Oct 12, 1915

Discharged to duty


Nov 30, 1915

Sentenced to 14 days FP #2 (Field Punishment No 2) plus 15 hours extra fatigues for leaving ranks without permission on November 26 while marching to trenches and remaining absent until apprehended drunk at Dickebush (proper name Dikkebus Belgium)


May 15, 1916

Granted 10 days leave


Jun 3, 1916

Admitted to No 2 Canadian Stationary Hospital with a gunshot wound to right chest. 

Surgery performed to remove bullet


Jun 5, 1916

Invalided to England aboard the Hospital Ship Jan Breydel


Posted to CCAC (Canadian Casualty Assembly Centre) while in hospital 

Admitted to the Graylingwell War Hospital at Chichester


Jun 22, 1916

Transferred to Canadian Convalescent Hospital at Epsom


Jul 17, 1916

Discharged from hospital and reported to CCAC


Jul 18, 1916

Posted to 39th Reserve Battalion at West Sandling Camp


Sep 26, 1916

Promoted to rank of Cpl


Oct 4, 1916

Posted to 21st Battalion


Oct 5, 1916

Arrived at CBD (Canadian Base Depot) at Havre France and TOS 21st Battalion and reverts to rank of Pte on arrival


Oct 14, 1916

Left CBD to join unit


Oct 16, 1916

Joined the 21st Battalion in the field


Nov 3, 1916

Appointed to rank of Acting Lance Sgt with pay


Apr 9, 1917

Admitted to CFA (Canadian Field Ambulance) with severe machine gun bullet wound to left knee


Apr 10, 1917

Transferred to CCS (Casualty Clearing Station) where left leg was amputated at the upper third of the thigh due to gas gangrene


Apr 14, 1917

Admitted to No 13, General Hospital at Boulogne


Apr 18, 1917

Invalided to England aboard the Hospital Ship St Patrick


Posted to EORD (Eastern Ontario Regimental Depot) while in hospital 

Admitted to City of London Military Hospital at Lower Clapton


Jun 7, 1917

Additional surgery performed to remove several more inches of the thigh, leaving a stump of only 5 inches


Jul 9, 1917

Awarded the Military Medal per London Gazette #30172


This was awarded for his actions during the attack at Vimy Ridge, April 9, 1917

The Citation reads

East of Neuville-St-Vaast.  April 9, 1917.  For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty in action.  After his Company had been partially disorganized he personally collected remnants of them and placed them at the disposal of the nearest Officer.  Later while out on patrol, he was wounded but refused to go back until he had completed his reconnaissance.

AFW 3121  15-4-17


Sep 13, 1917

Transferred to No 4 Canadian Military Hospital at Basingstoke


Oct 22, 1917

Transferred to No 5 Canadian General Hospital at Kirkdale


Dec 16, 1917

Invalided to Canada aboard the Hospital Ship Braemar Castle, embarking at Liverpool



Dec 28, 1917

Disembarked at Saint John New Brunswick and proceeded to Toronto Ontario where he was admitted to the Military Orthopedic Hospital


Jan 2, 1918

TOS No District Depot Toronto Ontario and posted to “D” Unit


Jan 17, 1918

Measured for artificial leg 

Medical leave granted until January 29, 1918


Jan 29, 1918

Granted additional leave until February 9, 1918


Feb 9, 1918

Granted additional leave until February 21, 1918


Feb 26, 1918

Fitted with an artificial leg


Mar 13, 1918

Artificial leg is not satisfactory and returned for adjustments.   

Granted leave until April 18


Apr 18, 1918

Artificial leg refitted, but still needs further adjustment


Jul 17, 1918

Reports great difficulty in walking 

Over the next several months there were many visits to hospital clinic to have artificial limb adjusted.


Sep 18, 1918

Measured to have a new artificial limb made


Sep 25, 1918

New limb fitted, but still not satisfactory and returned 

Several visits to clinic are recorded to make adjustments to new leg.  It had to be returned to factory for repairs and adjustments several times


Dec 4, 1918

Attending walking exercise program on a daily routine.  Reported to be “doing fairly well”


Jan 21, 1919

Discharged from the CEF at Toronto Ontario 

Ø      Proposed residence on discharge – Mimico Ontario

Ø      Rank shown on discharge – Sgt

Ø      Authorized to wear 2 Gold Stripes


Sep 6, 1922

British War Medal and Victory Medal sent to Drummond Ave (GPO) Mimico Ontario


Oct 28, 1935

Deceased at the Christie Street Military Orthopedic Hospital, Toronto Ontario

Prospect Cemetery
Toronto ON


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