James Edward Cleland


Aug 27, 1882

Born in Brockville Ontario to Robert and Helen Felecia (nee Seaton) Cleland

Listed on the 1901 Census with last name spelled Clelland, and his birth date as Aug 27, 1883


Dec 15, 1902

Shown on the payroll of No. 1 Company, 41st Regiment, Brockville Rifles


Jan 11, 1915

Attested into the 21st Battalion at Kingston Ontario

Ø  Number 59165 (temporary number 1214)

Ø  Next of kin given as Robert Cleland, father, of 66 Abbott St, Brockville Ontario

Ø  Previous occupation given as Railroad Conductor with the Grand Trunk Railway

Ø  Previous military experience given as 41st Regiment Brockville Rifles, for 3 years

Ø  Religion given as Presbyterian

Ø  Posted to #1 Platoon, “A” Company


May 6, 1915

Embarked the RMS Metagama at Montreal Quebec



May 15, 1915

Disembarked at Devonport England and proceeded to West Sandling Camp near Hythe, Kent


Sep 14, 1915

Embarked the St Seiriol at Folkestone



Sep 15, 1915

Disembarked at Boulogne France and proceeded to St Omer

Promoted to rank of Lance Corporal


Oct 9, 1915

Treated and released from the field hospital for Coryza, a severe head cold


Nov 8, 1915

Proceeded on the Bombing Course


Nov 14, 1915

Rejoined the battalion from the Bombing Course


Apr 9, 1916

During the heavy fighting at the St. Eloi Craters on the Ypres Salient in Belgium during the night of April 8/9, L/Cpl Cleland received shrapnel wounds to his left hand and left leg.  He was evacuated first to a field ambulance for first aid.

The battalion’s war diary recorded 36 men killed or wounded in that action


Apr 10, 1916

Transferred to the No. 10, Casualty Clearing Station in Poperinge, Belgium

He was transported via the No. 23 Ambulance Train and admitted to the No. 3 Canadian General Hospital in Boulogne, France where pieces of shrapnel were removed from his hand


Apr 20, 1916

Invalided to England aboard the Hospital Ship Cambria


On arrival in England he was admitted to the Duchess of Connaught Canadian Red Cross Hospital in Taplow

Transferred to the CCAC (Canadian Casualty Assembly Centre) for pay purposes while in hospital


Aug 13, 1916

Surgery was performed to open the wound in his leg due to infection and to allow drainage


Sep 30, 1916

Transferred to the Hillingdon House Convalescent Hospital in Uxbridge


Oct 9, 1916

Discharged from hospital and reported to the Canadian Casualty Assembly Centre for light duty


Oct 11, 1916

Transferred to the CDD (Canadian Discharge Depot) in Bath pending return to Canada


Oct 15, 1916

Attached to the Canadian Discharge Depot in Shoreham pending return to Canada


Oct 31, 1916

Embarked the SS Olympic in Liverpool



Nov 5, 1916

Disembarked in Halifax, Nova Scotia and proceeded to Quebec City, Quebec


Nov 8, 1916

Medical Board at Quebec City notes

Ø  Patient cannot bend little or ring fingers of left hand

Ø  Walks with a limp due to loss of muscle from shrapnel wounds and bad shoes

Ø  Has good physique and health

Ø  Damage to hand is permanent

Ø  Leg should heal in 3 months

The board recommended he be treated in a Toronto convalescent home

Granted 10 days sick leave with orders to report to Toronto Convalescent Home on completion of leave


Nov 23, 1916

Admitted to convalescent home in Toronto, Ontario


Apr 5, 1917

Discharged from the CEF in Toronto, Ontario

Ø  Rank on discharge Lance Corporal

Ø  War Service Badge Class “A” issued

Ø  War Service Badge Class “A” issued

Ø  There was no proposed residence given on discharge

Following the end of the war, the 1914-15 Star, British War Medal and Victory Medals were sent to him at 66 Abbott St., Brockville, Ontario


Jun 28, 1919

Married to Lucy Iola Mable Salls in Newport, Vermont


Sep 13, 1962

James Edward Cleland died while a patient in the Brockville General Hospital, Brockville, Ontario


Below are newspaper articles from the Brockville Evening Recorder that follow his progress after being wounded

April 18, 1916

July 8, 1916

May 2, 1916

November 13, 1916

November 14, 1916


Below is from the Communiqué, August, 1959.  The was the 21st Battalion Association's post war newsletter

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