William Core



Aug 18, 1870

Born in Bradford, Yorkshire, England. 

I could not confirm his birth year, but one medical form in his file indicated that he was born in 1870, which is also recorded on the application for his pension


Oct 23, 1914

Attested into the 28th Battalion in Port Arthur, Ontario 

Ø      Number 335

Ø      Next of kin given as John Core, brother, 4 Victoria St., Manningham Lane, Bradford, England

Ø      Previous occupation given as Labourer

Ø      Previous military experience given as 12 years in the Royal Garrison Artillery

Ø      Religion given as Church of England 

On attestation he stated he was born in 1876 

The battalion was headquartered in Winnipeg, Manitoba


Dec 28, 1914

Transferred to the 17th Battery, 5th Artillery Brigade in Winnipeg


Feb 22, 1915

Discharged from the CEF in Winnipeg for Drunkeness


Mar 19, 1915

Attested into the 21st Battalion in Lindsay, Ontario 

Ø      Number 59201 (temporary number 1309)

Ø      Next of kin given as John Core, brother, 20 Dickens St., West Bowling, Bradford, Yorkshire, England

Ø      Previous occupation given as Fireman

o       Also noted as Stationary Engineer

Ø      Previous military experience given as 12 years in the Royal Garrison Artillery

Ø      Religion given as Church of England

Ø      Assigned to the reorganized “D” Company 

On attestation he stated he was born in 1874 

The battalion trained in the Kingston, Ontario area with headquarters in the Kingston Armouries


May 6, 1915

Embarked the RMS Metagama in Montreal, Quebec


May 15, 1915

Disembarked in Devonport, England and proceeded to West Sandling, near Hythe, Kent.


Jun 11, 1915

Awarded 5 days detention and forfeits 2 day’s pay for being absent June 9 and 10. 

This was later changed to read 2 days detention and forfeiture of 1 day’s pay.


Jul 6, 1915

Awarded 2 days detention and forfeits 1 day’s pay for being absent July 4, 1915.


Aug 7, 1915

Fined $2.00, forfeits 2 day’s pay and restricted to half pay for one month for being absent from August 4 to August 5.


Sep 14, 1915

Embarked the St. Seiriol in Folkestone


Sep 15, 1915

Disembarked in Boulogne, France and proceeded to St. Omer.


Oct 6, 1915

Sentenced to 10 days Field Punishment No. 2 for being absent October 1 after parade.


Nov 5, 1915

Sentenced to 5 days Field Punishment No. 2 for being absent from parade October 15 in La Clytte, when the battalion was preparing to move into the trenches.  He reported to the trenches the following day.


Nov 10, 1915

Transcribed from the 2nd Canadian Division Assistant Provost Marshall’s War Diary. 

Report received that two cows had been shot on a farm near Dickebusch by Canadian Soldiers.  Capt. Steele will investigate this case.


Nov 11, 1915

Also from the Provost Marshall's war diary:

The “cow shooting case” develops interestingly.  Capt. Steele reports that two soldiers of the 21st Battalion got drunk and thought that they would have some big game hunting.  There being nothing bigger than cows around they promptly proceeded to make a bag – result one cow killed, one wounded.  Just as they were about to polish off cow No. 2, an NCO and some men of the 18th Battn. rudely interrupted their sport, as it was feared that they might also bag the owner’s son, who had rushed into the field and was gestulating wildly over the body of the slain animal.  The sportsmen were finally arrested and a complaint and claim for 400 Francs – value of the afore mentioned cow- was forwarded to my office.  These cows are the property of the Burgomaster of Dickebusch.  Charge sheets, with complete evidence of three witnesses and statement of Burgomaster’s son and Capt. Steele’s report, were at once prepared and were about to be sent in, when I was informed by Lord Brooke, Brigadier 4th Infantry Brigade, that these men had already been tried and sentenced to 28 days Field Punishment No. 1.  In the light of the evidence secured by Capt. Steele, I considered that the men had not been sufficiently punished and forwarded all the papers in the case to the D.A.A. and Q.M.G., with a request that these men be re-charged.

Needless to say the account given by the troops several years later was quite different.  Below is from the August 1954 issue of the Communiqué, the 21st Battalion Association post war newsletter:



Nov 17, 1915

Sentenced to 28 days Field Punishment No. 1 for 

Ø      Drunkenness

Ø      Discharging his firearm

Ø      Killing a cow belonging to the Burgomaster of Dickebusch

Ø      Wounding a second cow which was the property of the same owner 

He was also sentenced to a stoppage of pay to the value of 400 francs, for compensation to the owner of the cows. 

The incident was first reported to the Provost Marshal November 10.  Pte Core was not alone in this episode.  Pte. Thomas Candible (served as Thomas Callahan) was also involved and suffered the same punishment.


Dec 13, 1915

Sentenced to 28 days Field Punishment No. 1 for being absent from the 1.00 pm parade and being found drunk later in the day.


It is worthy to note that this took place while the battalion was in billets in La Clytte and that several men were punished for the same or similar offences for actions on the same day, including his friend, Pte. Thomas Candible.


Apr 17, 1916

Sentenced to 28 days Field Punishment No. 1 for being drunk, absent from camp and for random shooting.


Jul 15, 1916

Sentenced to 28 days Field Punishment No. 1 for late for parade on July 14 and refusing to obey an order.  The battalion was parading in order to proceed to the front line trench from the Chippawa Camp.


Aug 28, 1916

Attached to the 4th Field Company, Canadian Engineers to for a carrying party. 

The same day he reported to the No. 4 CFA (Canadian Field Ambulance) complaining of sore feet.  He was returned to duty the same day


Sep 7, 1916

Admitted to the No. 6 CFA with a diagnosis that reads Flat Feet


Sep 8, 1916

Transferred to the No. 5 CFA DRS (Divisional Rest Station)


Sep 10, 1916

Transferred to the Reinforcement Camp at Val de Maison


Sep 12, 1916

Ceased to be attached to the Canadian Engineers.


Sep 14, 1916

Proceeded to the CBD (Canadian Base Depot) in the Rouelles Camp, Havre and classed as TB (Temporary Base), meaning that he was only capable of Base Duty


Sep 21, 1916

Pte. Core’s medical category was changed to “C”, citing Flat Feet and Overage, and he was sent to England for duty. 

Category “C” is for men capable of non-combat duty in England only.


Sep 23, 1916

TOS the CCAC (Canadian Casualty Assembly Centre) for pay purposes


Oct 3, 1916

On Command to the CDD (Canadian Discharge Depot) in Bath pending discharge


Oct 19, 1916

Discharged from the CEF in England. 

Ø      Rank on discharge Private

Ø      There was no War Service Badge issued at the time of his discharge 

A pension of $100 was granted. 

Following the war the 1914-15 Star, British War Medal and Victory Medals were sent to him at 43 New Cross St., West Bowling, Bradford, Yorkshire, England.


Apr 27, 1917

Application was made for an additional pension.  William Core stated that he was currently employed as a Night Watchman, working an average of 48 hours per week. 

An additional $75 was granted


Feb 25, 1949

Pte. Core died in Yorkshire, England.


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