Adam Durham



Apr 11, 1890

Born at Cockenzie Scotland


Mar 18, 1916

Attested at Cornwall Ontario into the 154th Battalion 

Ø      Number 633808

Ø      Current address given as 641 Somerset St Ottawa Ontario

Ø      Next of Kin given as Mrs Maggie Durham (mother) of 2612 Douglas St, Victoria, British Columbia

o       Next of Kin was later changed to his wife, Mrs Adam Durham

Ø      Previous occupation given as “Stone Mason”

Ø      Previous military experience given as “3 years Scottish Horse”

Ø      Religion given as Presbyterian


Oct 5, 1916

On “Particulars of Enlisted Man” he states 

Ø      He is married and his wife’s name is Charlotte Durham, of 641 Somerset St Ottawa Ontario

Ø      Father’s name – Adam Durham of 2612 Douglas St, Victoria, British Columbia

Ø      Mother’s name – Margaret Durham of 2612 Douglas St, Victoria, British Columbia


Oct 25, 1916

Embarked the SS Mauretania at Halifax



Oct 31, 1916

Disembarked at Liverpool England


Jan 31, 1917

Transferred to the 6th Reserve Battalion at East Sandling Camp, near Hythe


Apr 17, 1917

Sent on a draft to the 21st Battalion


Apr 18, 1917

Arrived at CBD (Canadian Base Depot) and TOS (Taken On Strength) of 21st Battalion


May 21, 1917

Joined the 21st Battalion in the field


Dec 1, 1917

Attached to 182nd Coy, RE (Company, Royal Engineers)


Dec 21, 1917

Rejoined the 21st Battalion from the 182nd Coy, RE


Jan 12, 1918

Granted 14 days leave


Feb 3, 1918

Arrested at Victoria Train Station, London for being Absent Without Leave


Feb 4, 1918

Rejoined Battalion from leave, and placed in confinement


Feb 11, 1918

Brought before Field General Court Martial for being Absent Without Leave.  He was convicted and sentenced to 60 days of Field Punishment No. 1

 Transcript of Court Martial proceedings below

He also forfeited 10 days pay


Mar 4, 1918

Admitted to No 6 CFA (Canadian Field Ambulance) with a GSW (Gun Shot Wound) in the left thigh, and then transferred to No 6 CCS (Casualty Clearing Station)  (Note that this was also recorded as happening on March 5.  The assumption is that it happened during the night of March 4/5, 1918


Mar 9, 1918

Transferred to No 24 General Hospital, Etaples, France


Mar 13, 1918

Invalided to England aboard the Hospital Ship Newhaven and posted to the EORD (Eastern Ontario Regimental Depot) at Seaford, England


On arrival in England was admitted to the Chester War Hospital


Apr 6, 1918

Transferred to Woodcote Park Convalescent Hospital, Epsom, England


Apr 11, 1918

Stated that “I do not wish to make a will”


Jul 17, 1918

Discharged from hospital and TOS 6th Reserve Battalion on posting from EORD


Dec 12, 1918

Embarked the SS Regina at Liverpool for Canada



Dec 13, 1918

SOS (Struck Off Strength) Kimmel Park on transfer to Canada


Dec 20, 1918

Disembarked in Canada at Quebec City


Jan 11, 1919

Discharged from the CEF at Ottawa Ontario



British War Medal and Victory Medal were sent to 6761 Murray Ave., Seattle  (note that the record does not indicate USA)



Adam Durham 

Library and Archives Canada Reference



Durham, Adam

Regimental Number:





21st Battalion




AA Section 15


Absence without leave


RG150 - Ministry of the Overseas Military Forces of Canada, Series 8, File 649-D-6197, Microfilm Reel Number T-8655, file access code 90, Finding Aid Number 150-5


The Court Martial proceedings were convened at 4th Canadian Infantry Brigade Headquarters on February 11, 1918.


President:                   Lieut-Colonel LE Jones, DSO             18th Cdn Bn 

Court Member             Major HD Fearman, DSO                19th Cdn Bn

                                    Captain RW Catto, MC                   19th Cdn Bn



633808, Pte Durham A, 21st Battalion, when on active service, absenting himself without leave, in that he was absent from his unit from 6.30 am, 25th January 1918, until 6.30 am 3rd February 1918, when he reported to Railroad Transport Officer at VICTORIA STATION, returning to his unit. 

He was absent a total of 9 days. 

The charge was signed by Major HW Cooper, temporary Commander, 21st Canadian Battalion. 

Pte Durham was not represented by Legal Counsel. 

Pte Durham plead Guilty


First Witness for the Prosecution 

59200 Sergt HGM Cordes 

Sergt Cordes testified that he was the Orderly Room Clerk for the 21st Battalion and on the 4th of February, 1918, at 8.00 pm the accused reported to be returning from leave.  By the stamp on his warrant, it showed he was absent from the 25th of February and was placed under close arrest. 

The accused declined to question the witness 

Second Witness for the Prosecution 

59176 Corpl E Cockburn 

Corpl Cockburn testified he was the Paymaster’s Clerk, 21st Battalion.  He produced Pte Durham’s paybook which showed he had been granted leave from January 11th, to January 25th, 1918. 

The accused declined to question the witness 

633808, Pte Durham was found guilty by the Members of the Tribunal, and sentenced to 60 days Field Punishment Number 1.  This punishment was confirmed by Lieut-Colonel Elmer W Jones, temporary Commander of the 4th Canadian Infantry Brigade. 

(Note:  Lieut-Colonel EW Jones was the Commanding Officer of the 21st Canadian Battalion, temporarily Commanding the 4th Brigade)


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