Pte Sylvio Emile Mousseau, MM
numbers: 4020272 & 3055272

Pte ES Mouseau
(1965 Photo)

Sylvio Mousseau was born in Hull, Quebec, Canada.  The seventh child of his parents Thomas Mousseau (millwright) and Louisa Robillard-Faulkner, He was born on August 15, 1896.  He was living with his family members in Buckingham, QC at the time of the 1901 census. 

He was conscripted in early January 1918 to the First Depot Battalion, Eastern Ontario Regiment in Kingston.  At the time, the family lived in Ottawa and Sylvio was a photographer.  He was "taken on strength" with the 21st battalion on August 9, 1918, in the thick of the Amiens campaign. 

The documentation tells us that he was wounded on October 13, 1918, while the battalion was billeted in Eswars about 1.5 kilometres to the north-east of Cambrai. 

Sylvio Mousseau did not discuss his war experiences much. The family recollection of the events surrounding him earning a Military Medal is somewhat sketchy, as it comes from a then young child overhearing a conversation between her mother and an aunt. 

During a German attack on a high ground, Sylvio Mousseau found himself "alone" in his area.  The others where either dead or wounded.   He took over a weapon, probably a machine gun, and subjected the assailants to intense fire, keeping them from overrunning his position, possibly a machine gun battery.   He was wounded in the leg, ankle and foot by shrapnel and suffered from gas exposure.  It is unknown if the wounds happened before or during his desperate resistance. 

These recollections are not incompatible with a battle the 21st battalion fought on October 11, 1918, at a crest near Iwuy, two days before the documented date we have for Sylvio being wounded. 

He was “struck off strength” from the battalion on the 26 October, 1918. 

After the war, he was unable to do strenuous physical work because of his damaged lungs. He also suffered from lapses of concentration, attributed to damage suffered from gas exposure.  He walked with a limp for the rest of his life. He initially had various jobs and occasionally lived with family members. 

Eventually he became a federal farms inspector and his situation improved.  He lived in a large and nice apartment on Wellington Street in Ottawa, where he accommodated many nieces and nephews from other villages as they moved to Ottawa. He introduced them to city life, with concerts and the night life. He chose to never marry. 

Speaking to two family members who knew him, he is best described as gentle, kind and soft-spoken.  He died in a veteran’s hospital in Ottawa on an unknown date.


Further research has uncovered his date of death as March 22, 1975

Notre Dame Cemetery
Hull Quebec

Story and photos above submited by Pascal Lanthier



War diary of the 21st Battalion, 2nd Canadian Machine Gun Corps, 4th Canadian Infantry Brigade. 

Attestation Papers of Sylvio Mousseau. 

Recollection of a niece and a grand-niece of Sylvio Mousseau. 

Thanks to Steve Nichol for supplying the dates of frontline service for private Mousseau.


Below is taken from Emile Mousseau's service recored
as researched by Al Lloyd 


Aug 15, 1896

Born at Hull Quebec


Nov 3, 1917

Reported for Medical at Trenton Ontario as per his MSA draft order and declared Fit in Category A2 (fit for combat but requiring physical conditioning)


Jan 3, 1918

Drafted into the CEF under the Military Service Act and sworn into the 1st Depot Battalion of the Eastern Ontario Regiment at Kingston Ontario 

Ø      Number 4020272

Ø      Next of kin given as Thomas Mousseau (father) of 19 Noel St, Ottawa Ontario

Ø      Previous occupation given as Photographer

Ø      No previous military experience given

Ø      Religion given as Roman Catholic


Jan 27, 1918

Embarked the HMS Scotian at Halifax Nova Scotia



Feb 6, 1918

Disembarked at Liverpool England and TOS (Taken On Strength) the 7th Reserve Battalion at Seaford


Feb 11, 1918

TOS the 6th Reserve Battalion at Seaford


Aug 9, 1918

Sent with a draft to the 21st Battalion and arrived at the CIBD (Canadian Infantry Base Depot) at Havre France 

TOS the 21st Battalion


 Aug 15, 1918

Joined the 21st Battalion in the field 

The Battalion was in the front line and he joined the Rear Detail at Cagny France (south west of Caen) as part of a draft of 48 Other Ranks


Oct 10, 1918

Admitted to No 9 CFA (Canadian Field Ambulance) then transferred same day to No 1 CCS (Casualty Clearing Station) with a shrapnel wound to left foot 

The Battalion was in the front lines on the Marcoing Line and below is from the 21st Battalion War Diary for this date:



Oct 11, 1918

Transferred via Ambulance Transport to hospital


Oct 12, 1918

Admitted to No 14 General Hospital at Wimereux France


Oct 13, 1918

Invalided to England aboard the Hospital Ship Pieter de Coninck


Posted to EORD (Eastern Ontario Regimental Depot) while in hospital


Oct 14, 1918

Admitted to the War Hospital at Chester England


Oct 18, 1918

Transferred to Auxiliary Military Hospital at Helsby


Nov 21, 1918

Transferred to Canadian Red Cross Special Hospital at Buxton.  Diagnosis reads “complains of having a cough and general weakness with swelling and pain in left foot, looks pail and anemic”


Jan 22, 1919

Discharged from hospital


Feb 22, 1919

Posted to CCC (Canadian Concentration Camp) MD#3 at Rhyl pending return to Canada


Feb 25, 1919

Posted to the Depot Company EORD


Mar 29, 1919

Embarked the RMS Caronia at Liverpool



Apr 5, 1919

Disembarked at Halifax Nova Scotia


Apr 8, 1919

Discharged from the CEF at Ottawa Ontario 

Ø      War Service Badge Class “A” issued number 231452

Ø      Proposed residence on discharge – Ottawa Ontario


May 14, 1919

Awarded the Military Medal per the London Gazette #31338



Mar 22, 1975

Deceased at National Defence Medical Centre, Ottawa Ontario


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